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Thursday
Apr282011

Thankful Thursday

Today is a good day to pray for those who have lost homes and lives and communities in the tornadoes across the south of the United States. It’s also a good day for me to be thankful

  • for my home. 
  • for my life and health and safety.
  • for my family.

I’m thankful that my heavenly Father knows what I need and provides it as I need it.

Throughout this year I’m planning to post a few thoughts of thanksgiving each Thursday along with Kim at the Upward Call and others.

Thursday
Apr282011

Resurrection Bodies and More

Today I contributed a post to the Doctrine in the Kitchen feast at Daily on My Way to Heaven. It’s on what being raised with Christ means for us both now and in the future.

I suppose it’s silly for me to point you there because you’ve already been following along with that special feature for the whole month of April, right?

Wednesday
Apr272011

Theological Term of the Week

spiritual body
“The type of body [believers] will receive at our future resurrection, which will not be ‘immaterial’ but rather suited to and responsive to the guidance of the Holy Spirit”1; also called resurrection body.

  • From scripture: 

    35 But someone will ask, “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body do they come?” 36 You foolish person! What you sow does not come to life unless it dies. 37 And what you sow is not the body that is to be, but a bare kernel, perhaps of wheat or of some other grain. 38 But God gives it a body as he has chosen, and to each kind of seed its own body. 39 For not all flesh is the same, but there is one kind for humans, another for animals, another for birds, and another for fish. 40 There are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the heavenly is of one kind, and the glory of the earthly is of another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for star differs from star in glory.

    42 So is it with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable. 43 It is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 Thus it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual. 47 The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. 48 As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. 49 Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the man of heaven. (1 Corinthians 15:35-49 ESV)

  • From the Heidelberg Catechism:

    Question 57. What comfort does the “resurrection of the body” afford thee?

    Answer: That not only my soul after this life shall be immediately taken up to Christ its head; (a) but also, that this my body, being raised by the power of Christ, shall be reunited with my soul, and made like unto the glorious body of Christ. (b)

  • From Systematic Theology by Louis Berkhof: 

    There were some in the days of Paul who regarded the resurrection as spiritual, II Tim. 2:18. And there are many in the present day who believe only in a spiritual resurrection. But the Bible is very explicit in teaching the resurrection of the body. Christ is call the “firstfruits” of the resurrection, I Cor. 15:20,23, and “the firstborn of the dead,” Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5. This implies that the resurrection of the people of God will be like that of their heavenly Lord. His resurrection was a bodily resurrection, and theirs will be of the same kind. Moreover, the redemption wrought by Christ is also said to include the body Rom. 8:23; 1 Cor. 6:13-20. In Romans 8:11 we are told explicitly that God through His Spirit will raise up our mortal bodies. And it is clearly the body that is prominently before the mind of the apostle in 1 Cor. 15, cf. especially the verses 35-49. According to Scripture there will be a resurrection of the body, that is, not an entirely new creation, but a body that will be in a fundamental sense identical with the present body. God will not create a new body for every man, but will raise up the very body that was deposited in the earth. This cannot only be inferred from the term “resurrection,” but is clearly stated in Rom. 8:11, I Cor. 15:53, and is further implied in the figure of the seed sown in the earth, which the apostle employs in I Cor. 15:36-38. Moreover, Christ, the firstfruits of the resurrection, conclusively proved the identity of His body to His disciples. 

Learn more:

  1. Blue Letter Bible: What Will the Resurrected Bodies of the Righteous Be Like?
  2. Blue Letter Bible: What Are Some Inadequate Views of He Resurrection of the Body?
  3. Matt Perman: The Great Christian Hope of Glorification
  4. Dustin Shramek: Glorification: The Resurrection of Our Bodies
  5. Jerry Bridges: A Resurrected Body - 1 Corinthians 15:35-58 (mp3)

Related terms:

1From Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem.

Do you have a theological term you’d like to see featured here as a Theological Term of the Week? If you email it to me, I’ll seriously consider using it, giving you credit for the suggestion and linking back to your blog when I do.

Clicking on the Theological Term graphic at the top of this post will take you to a list of all the previous theological terms in alphabetical order.

Wednesday
Apr272011

Round the Sphere Again: Christ's Work

Like His Brothers In Every Way
D. A. Carson on the theological significance of Jesus’ humanity in Hebrews 2 (For the Love of God). I learned something new when Carson pointed out that Hebrews 2:17 presupposes something:

If he was to serve as mediator between God and human beings, “he had to be made like his brothers in every way” (Heb. 2:17—which presupposes that he already was like God in every way).

Able to Save to the Uttermost
Charts are my favorite thing and this one shows the differences between Jesus and the Levitical High Priests (Between Two Worlds).

Laying Down His Life
I’m rather fond of lists, too: Six things Christ accomplished by his death (Matt Perman).

Tuesday
Apr262011

Called According to Paul: Summary

This is another repost of an old post in the Called According to Paul series. I’ve been reposting them, one per week (sort of), so I can link to them in the sidebar under Favorite Posts. This post is the final post in the series and a summary of all the post series. What I’ve done is make a list of the ways Paul uses the word call or called in regards to God’s call and the things he most often associates with it. An explanation of this series can be found here, and the already reposted pieces are here.


Places where Paul uses called as a word of divine power—as something that brings sure results. I’ve also included all the times that the word called is used as a metonymy for saved, since the reasoning behind this use of the word seems to be that the call, in these cases, always brings salvation. Given how many times Paul clearly uses the word called as a word of divine power, it’d be reasonable to conclude that he always (or usually) uses the word like this, and so this meaning ought to be understood in all the other instances as well. On this list, however, I’ve only included those times where the power in the call is unmistakeable from the language of the context.


Places where Paul uses called as a summons or appointment. I consider these to be a subset of the divine power category, since there is forcefulness in the idea of summons or appointment.


As a summons to apostleship:

As a summons to holiness, Christlikeness, sainthood, etc.


 Places where Paul has the call originating in God’s choice/purpose/will.


Places where Paul has the call originating in God’s love/grace/mercy:


Places where Paul stresses the insignificance or “nothingness” of who/what is called:


Places where Paul stresses the personal/individual nature of the call. Included with this list should also be the instances found above where the call is to apostleship: